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Downward Facing Dog is one of the most recognizable poses of western style yoga. Downward Dog commonly goes by its Sanskrit name of Adho Mukha Svanasana and it is an essential pose to learn for your practice and is especially important to learn correctly.
Downward Dog is a key pose as many other poses start from there. It offers a solid foundation for any yoga sequence and is a perfect standalone pose as it positively affects your whole body. Adho Mukha Svanasana is an inversion pose which offers many benefits. In addition to being an inversion, Down Dog can also be used as a resting pose throughout your practice.
Benefits of Downward Dog
Adho Mukha Svanasana is one of the most beneficial yoga poses, mentally and physically. Downward Dog not only offers visible changes in your body, it also makes you feel better mentally, leading to a better quality of life, for you and the people around you. This pose delivers a full body stretch while at the same time lengthens and strengthens your bones and muscles.
- Improves blood circulation
- Improves digestion
- Relieves back pain
- May relieve neck pain and/or migraines
- Strengthens shoulders, back, arms and legs
- Stretches spine, shoulders, back, arms, legs, hamstrings, calves, hands and feet
- Tones stomach and arms
- Increases bone density
- Increases energy
- Reduces stress
- Reduces anxiety
- Can relieve insomnia
- Shifts perspective as you literally see things upside down
- Boosts your mood by bringing more oxygen to your brain
- Increases and improves focus and awareness
- Promotes patience
How to Do Downward Dog
- Start on all fours, with wrists inline with shoulders and toes tucked.
- On your exhale, push your hips up and back, straightening your legs.
- Engage you arms, while keeping in mind to keep your shoulders away from your ears.
- Engage your core and legs, lifting up through your kneecaps.
- Press through your heels, and “pedal” your feet back and forth if you feel tight.
This is just a general how-to. Below we are going to go into how to warm up for this pose, and some modifications you can make.
Warming Up for Downward Dog
There are numerous poses you can do before coming into Down Dog. These poses will gently warm up your muscles as you move into Adho Mukha Svanasana.
1. Plank Pose
- Start on all fours, with hands underneath shoulders and inline with wrists.
- Step one foot back at a time to come into Plank.
- Engage your core to bring your pelvis into alignment. You want to form one straight line with your body, so make sure you are not dipping or elevating your hips out of alignment.
2. Standing Forward Fold
- Start in mountain pose with feel slightly apart.
- Place your hands on your hips and begin to hinge forward, maintaining a straight back.
- Allow your arms to float to the ground, your ankles, or your shins depending on your flexibility.
3. Upward Facing Dog
- Start lying belly down on the ground and toes untucked.
- Place your hands flat on the ground by your sides with your fingertips landing slightly behind your shoulders.
- On your exhale, lift your upper body completely off the ground, straightening your arms and dropping your shoulders.
- As you are doing this, press the tops of your feet into the mat, lifting your thighs, knees, and shins off the ground.
- Let your gaze floating upward and lift through your chest.
- Start on all fours in a neutral position, toes tucked or untucked.
- On your inhale, drop your belly, arch your back, and lift your gaze to come into Cow Pose.
- On your exhale, hollow your belly, round your back, and drop your gaze to come into Cat Pose.
- Repeat this flow of two poses for a few rounds.
5. “Box on the Wall”
This may seem a bit more advanced for complete beginners, but this is an excellent pose for build the core and arm strength needed in Downward Dog, and the support of the wall really helps.
- Start by placing your hands on the ground a couple feet away from the wall (she goes over how to check the proper distance in the video above)
- Slowly place your feet on the wall and begin to walk them up the wall until feet are inline with your hips and you are forming an “L”.
- You legs should be straight and hands directly under shoulders.
- This might be better to practice with a spotter the first few times until you are comfortable practicing it.
Mistakes People Make During Downward Dog
There are various mistakes people make when there are in Downward Facing Dog. Most people tend to make the same mistakes and they are typically…
- Your hands are not shoulder width apart: having your hands too close together can create cramping in the shoulders, your aim is to create space between your shoulders.
- Feet are not hip width distance apart: similar to why you want your shoulders apart, you are trying to create space between your hips.
- Fingers too close together: keeping your fingers too close together creates more strain on your wrists.
- Locking your knees: locking your knees and elbows are really rough on your joints, it also makes you become stiff and rigid which makes it hard to balance.
- Locking your elbows: same as above.
- Dropping your shoulders: this puts too much tension and pressure on your neck and spine.
- Straining your neck: this creates tension instead of relieving it.
- Lifting your heels too high: creates an imbalance and does not properly stretch your legs.
- Not engaging your core: when you don’t engage your core – you bring all the tension and pressure into other parts of your body.
- Forgetting to breathe: this sounds silly but ensuring that you take long deep breaths will help you focus on the pose while relieving stress and tension.
Beginner Modifications for Downward Dog:
As with most yoga poses there are modifications you can take if you are a beginner, injured or pregnant. This pose should feel good. You should feel a comfortable full body stretch.
- You can use blocks underneath your hands: bringing blocks underneath your hands will help support your wrists.
- Use a rolled up mat underneath your heels: this provides your heels more support if they are too lifted and can also help you stretch more.
- Bend your knees as much as you need to: if you find that your hamstrings and calves are tight, bending your knees can help alleviate some of that strain.
- If you are pregnant and start to feel dizzy or lightheaded: drop into child’s pose with open knees and use a block underneath your chest or forehead to keep your belly lifted off the mat. ALWAYS consult with your doctor about how far into pregnancy down dog is safe for you and your baby.
- If your wrists hurt: put a rolled up mat underneath the heels of your hand.
- Come into dolphin: drop down to your forearms, leaving you tailbone high – coming down to your forearms is a good option if you are having pain in your wrists.
- If you’re feeling pinching or crunching in shoulders or neck: press your shoulders down and away from your ears as this will start to elongate your spine.
Alignment Tips to Improve Downward Dog
From child’s pose:
- Press your palms and toes into your mat.
- Lift your tailbone and knees to the sky and begin to straighten your arms and legs.
- Keep a gentle bend in your knees and elbows.
- Drop your head towards your mat letting it fit right between your elbows/upper arm.
- Elongate your spine and neck – creating space between each vertebrae.
- Set your gaze on one single spot between and behind your knees.
- Engage your core – move your bellybutton up and back.
- Press your heels down – even if they don’t ever touch the mat (fellow runners, I am looking at you).
Once you are in the pose, check in with your body and make sure your..
- Hands are shoulder width apart – or wider.
- Feet are hips width distance apart – or wider.
- Spreading your fingers.
- Breathing – I know this sounds silly, but a lot of people forget to breath. Make sure you are taking long, slow, deliberate and deep breaths in and out of your nose. Try focusing on moving your breath to the space between your shoulder blades.
Once you’ve been practicing Downward Dog for a little bit and you are feeling confident with the pose try to challenge yourself with these variations.
- Three Legged Down Dog: lift your right foot to the sky, keep both hips facing down to the mat, flex your toes towards your face, press your left heel closer to the ground – switch sides.
- Hip- Opener: from three legged down dog, bend your knee then rotate your hips so that your right hip is above your left hip (right hip is closer to the sky and your left hip is closer to the mat) – switch sides.
Amanda has been teaching yoga since 2013. When she’s not teaching or writing she loves to run and surf and is obsessed with dogs.