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If you are looking to get into yoga but overwhelmed where to start, this beginner yoga routine is the perfect solution.
This 20 minute yoga routine for beginners incorporates some of the most basic yoga poses to stretch, calm, and tone your entire body.
No matter what your purpose for starting yoga is, I’m glad you have begun, and am happy to walk along the journey with you into showing you just how amazing yoga can be.
This beginner yoga routine consists of 16 poses. Try to hold each for 15 seconds (or five slow breaths), repeat the sequence four times (two times on each side), and rest for one minute between sets and one minute at the end of your last set.
The poses for this 20 minute yoga workout are:
- Cat-Cow– 15 seconds
- Downward Facing Dog– 15 seconds
- Standing Forward Fold– 15 seconds
- Mountain– 15 seconds
- Standing Backbend– 15 seconds
- Warrior I– 15 seconds
- Warrior II– 15 seconds
- Warrior III– 15 seconds
- Triangle – 15 seconds
- Half Moon– 15 seconds
- Extended Side Angle– 15 seconds
- Chair– 15 seconds
- Four Limbed Staff– 15 seconds
- Cobra– 15 seconds
- Pigeon– 15 seconds
- Seated Straight Legged Forward Fold– 15 seconds
This sequence is perfect for building the foundations, toning, improving flexibility, and is just challenging enough to get you warmed up and empower you to keep going!
16 poses may seem like a lot to remember at first, which is why we created a free printable for you to download when you sign up for our Free Resource Library below!
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Take it as slow as you want and do what feels right for you and your body. If you are not up to holding them for 15 seconds, that is okay! This is your practice. All that matters is you are moving, growing, and learning!
Some of these poses at first glance may feel too advanced for you. All the poses in this yoga sequence are beginner friendly, meaning you can easily modify them to suit your level. I picked these poses because they are dynamic and are all base poses you will need when building your yoga practice.
For modifications, I do suggest having a pair of yoga blocks and a strap- you can check out our yoga tools page for recommendations.
How many calories does a 20 minute yoga routine for beginners burn?
Many people are getting into yoga to lose weight as now there is much more information supporting the effectiveness yoga has on weight loss. One of the key components of losing weight is burning more calories than you consume, meaning implementing exercise into your routine to burn off extra energy.
I’m sure that you are wondering exactly just how many calories does 20 minutes of yoga actually burn.
If you use a simple online calorie calculator you will see that a 150-pound person burns about 62 calories doing 20 minutes of Hatha yoga. The type of yoga and how intense you make it makes a huge difference in calories burned per session.
Compared to Hatha, Vinyasa yoga burns 198 calories per 20 minutes. That is a huge difference! That is because Vinyasa yoga is much more intense and causes your heart rate to increase much more than Hatha, which focuses on basic alignment and postures.
This following sequence is meant to be a flowing sequence, which is what Vinyasa yoga is, but you have control of how intense you make it. Start off slow and then once you get the hang of how to do each pose correctly and incorporate your breath, increase the speed and rounds you do on each side to really start burning some fat.
Is yoga actually a good workout?
A “good” workout is not all about the calorie burn. Yes, scientifically you do need more calories out than in to lose weight, but doing excessive cardio everyday is not going to get you long term results, or make getting to your goal any easier.
One of the most important things to ensure fat burn is building muscle, and fortunately yoga is great at building muscle! As explained above, you need to pick the right kind of yoga in order to build muscle, as well as the right kind of poses.
Poses like child’s pose and pigeon pose are great poses to relax and improve flexibility, but you aren’t really creating any type of resistance with your body, so you will not build muscle with these poses.
But poses like chaturanga and warrior III are excellent for activating your core and challenging your body, so you will build muscle with these poses.
But why is building muscle so important?
Muscle requires more energy than fat, so the more muscle you build, the more calories you naturally burn- which means your metabolism increases.
And I don’t mean building huge, bulky muscle- yoga will help you build lean muscle mass with strength building poses. So you’ll be building muscle, improving your strength, and burning fat all at the same time- I don’t think it gets much better than that.
So, now that you know the basics behind it, let’s get to it!
1. Cat and Cow (Marjaryasana and Bitilasana)
This is a combination of two poses that creates a “flow”. They are great for warming up the spine and feeling around to see where your tighter areas are.
- Start on all fours, with your hands directly underneath your shoulders, and knees hip distance apart. You can choose to keep your toes tucked or untucked, whatever is more comfortable.
- On your next inhale, drop your belly, arch your back, and lift your chest. Allow your gaze to flow upwards. This is cow.
- Now, on your next exhale, slowly begin to round your back, tuck your pelvis, and bring your gaze in towards your chest. This is cat.
- Take a moment and try to become completely in sync with your body and your breath. Stay here for 15 seconds, switching positions on your slow inhale and exhale.
Tip: To warm up your spine even more, try moving through a few dynamic cat-cow’s by moving all parts of your back slowly in a clockwise and counter-clockwise formation, instead of just arching and rounding your back. This can help you feel for any tight areas you might have missed as well!
2. Downward Facing Dog (Adho mukha śvānāsana)
- Come to a neutral spine, still on all fours. Tuck your toes and push your hips up and back, straightening your legs and pushing your heels towards the ground.
- Ground your hands and spread your fingers wide. Engage your arms and drop your ears away from your shoulders.
- Engage your core and pull your belly button up towards your spine. Keep actively sending you hips up and back as you try to send your heels toward the ground.
- It is okay if your feet don’t touch the ground. You can also “pedal” them out by bending one leg at a time while you straighten the other. This will help loosen up the tightness in your hamstrings.
Tip: Make sure to keep your entire body engaged throughout this pose to avoid all of the weight falling onto your upper body. If this pose feels too hard, don’t worry, there are tons of down dog modifications you can do.
3. Standing Forward Fold (Uttanasana)
- Keeping your arms where they are, begin to slowly walk your feet towards your hands, keeping them as straight as possible, until you come into your forward fold.
- Bring your feet to touch and reach towards the ground with your hands, or gripping your ankles or legs to fold more with each exhale.
- Make sure not to let your chest collapse here and still engage your entire body.
Tip: If you feel too tight to grab you legs or ankles or fold forward all the way, try using two yoga blocks and adjusting the height to your comfort. You can also decide to grab opposite elbows and sway from side to side in ragdoll pose.
4. Mountain (Tadasana)
- From forward fold, bring your hands to your hips and use your core to slowly hinge up to a standing position.
- Bring your hands to your sides, palms facing forward and arms engaged.
- Ground your feet towards the floor and activate your legs so your knee caps slightly lift.
- Lift through your chest and drop your shoulders. Breathe here for 15 breaths.
Tip: Your body should stay active during this pose, even though it seems like a simple pose! Your core should be completely engaged, chest forward, and you should be actively grounding all four corners of your feet into the ground.
5. Standing Backbend (Anuvittasana)
- On your next exhale, keeping your feet grounded, swoop your arms up to come above your head in a prayer position and slightly arch your back as you send your prayer backwards, your gaze following.
- This can be as mild as you want, make sure to listen to your body and only go as far as is needed for you. This is a greater chest opener and you will be able to get deeper into it with practice.
- Breathe here for 15 seconds.
Tip: If it’s too difficult to lift your arms straight up, bring them into goal post formation by bending your arms at 90 degree angles on both sides. Make sure your back is completely straight before you begin to slowly bend backwards.
6. Warrior I (Virabhadrasana I)
- Come back to a neutral spine in standing position, and step your left foot about 3-4 feet behind you, and turn the foot on an angle. Your left heel should be completely in line with your front right heel.
- Bend your front right leg at a 90 degree angle.
- As you bend your front knee, keep your arms lifted with palms facing each other. Lift through the chest and stay grounded through both of your feet.
- Engage your core and sink deeper into your front leg as you engage your back leg and ground through your back foot.
Tip: Be sure to square your hips and make sure they are even- activating your back leg equally as much as your front leg can help avoid misalignment!
7. Warrior II (Virabhadrasana II)
From your first warrior pose, you are going to make a few simple adjustments to come into your second warrior.
- Keep your legs exactly the same as in Warrior I, and bring your arms straight out to your sides, like airplane arms.
- Your body will now be facing the left side of the room. Keep your gaze forward over your right fingertips.
- Remember to engage through your back heel and keep your right leg bent. Engage your arms and make sure they are inline with your shoulders.
Tip: Watch to make sure your knee does not move more forward than your front toe to avoid injury.
8. Warrior III (Virabhadrasana III)
- Begin to straighten your front leg, keeping a slight bend in it still. Start to lift your back foot off the ground as you slowly hinge your body forward and bring your arms up by your ears.
- You can do this supported if staying balanced here is too much of a challenge. Bring your arms or fingers tips to the ground while still maintaining alignment and lifting through your chest.
- Your back leg should be completely straight here, with your foot flexed and toes facing towards the ground.
Blocks would also be beneficial here to use on either side instead of going unsupported to help with balance when first starting out.
Tip: Check your alignment to keep your hips level in this pose and make sure not to let your lifted leg side come up too much.
9. Triangle (Trikonasana)
- Slowly begin to bring your back foot to the ground as you simultaneously hinge your body upward and straighten your left leg.
- Your left foot should be on an angle and grounded. Both of your legs should be engaged and straight.
- Slowly hinge your body forward and bring your right hand to the inside of your right foot. If you can’t touch the ground yet, that’s okay! You can grab onto your ankle or shin as well.
- As you right hand comes down, your left arm floats up into the air, with your gaze following it.
- Feel free to use a block instead of reaching for your shin. If you are very inflexible, this will actually help you reach better alignment and allow you to open up your chest more.
Tip: Your body should be able to fit in between two walls in the pose, you should be completely linear. So make sure your chest is lifted, your heels are aligned, and your shoulders and hips are in line with each other.
10. Half Moon (Ardha Chandrasana)
- From Triangle, bring your right fingers slightly forward and to the side, in a 2 o’clock position to your foot.
- As you’re doing this, slowly lift your left foot off the ground as you hinge forward and open your body up to the left side of the room.
- Your back foot should be pointed, and you can choose to either let your gaze fall to the ground or if you’d like a challenge, look up at your left fingertips. Make sure to keep your arms in line with your shoulders.
Blocks may be beneficial here as well to use for your front hand if you have tight hamstrings.
Tip: If you have trouble balancing, keep your gaze towards the ground slightly forward and in between your hands.
11. Extended Side Angle (Utthita Parsvakonasana)
- Slowly float your left foot down to the ground as you bend your right leg and bring your right hand back to the inside of your foot.
- Your back foot should be completely flat on the ground and on an angle like in the warrior poses.
- Your right knee is at a 90 degree angle and your hand is flat on the ground. Use blocks here if you need them as well!
- Keep your left arm lifted and extend it towards the front of the room, forming a straight line of energy all the way down to your left heel.
- Breathe and stay here for 15 seconds, you’re almost done with the sequence!
Tip: Don’t collapse into this pose, actively lift through your chest to get a good side body stretch.
12. Chair (Utkatasana)
- Keep your right leg bent, and then slowly bring your left foot to meet your right as you rotate your torso towards the front of the room and bring both arms up by your ears.
- Your feet should be together, with most of the weight on your heels, to the point where you can freely move all ten toes.
- Sink your seat deeper with each exhale, and lift up through your chest.
Tip: If this pose feels too difficult, try bringing your hands into a prayer pose at your heart, or even slightly parting your feet from each other.
13. Four Limbed Staff (Chaturanga Dandasana)
- Plant both hands on the ground by your feet, as you step one foot back at a time into a plank position.
- Squeeze your elbows in tightly towards your body as you bend them and slowly lower yourself to hover above the ground. Hold here for 15 seconds.
- You should be engaging your legs and hovering on the tips of your toes, and engaging your core. Make sure to keep a neutral spine and don’t let your butt come up into their air.
If you lack upper body strength, as I did when first starting out, don’t torture yourself. Drop your knees to the floor for a half Chaturanga. Or, in the video tutorial below, Lizette shows you how to properly use yoga blocks to assist you with your Chaturanga.
It is important to build a strong foundation. That is why I still recommend this pose even in a beginner yoga routine.
I did this when first starting out and it was extremely frustrating to me the amount of upper body strength I lacked, but consistently practicing it lead to me being able to do it a few weeks later, and that boosted my confidence substantially.
Setting goals for your practice and achieving them is the best feeling in the world, and will make you want to keep going and keep improving.
But with that being said, listen to your body and if you are not at a full Chaturanga yet, that is okay! Maybe try to hold it for a short amount of time on your last set before you drop to your knees and build from there.
Tip: Feel free to do a modification for this pose such as knees-chest-chin.
14. Cobra (Bhujangasana)
- From Chaturanga, slowly lower yourself all the way down to the floor. Keep your hands where they are, tucked in towards your body.
- Completely ground your legs and the tops of your feet on the ground. Plant your forehead on the ground then on your next exhale lift your chest and abdomen off the ground.
- Stay here and breathe for 15 seconds then release back to the floor.
Tip: If you have a tight low back, spread your legs a little bit wider than your hips to relieve tension.
15. Pigeon (Kapotasana)
- Come to all fours, and come into your Downward Facing Dog for a brief moment to transition into Pigeon.
- Extend your right leg up into the air, then angle it as you bring it underneath your torso up to meet your left wrist.
- The outside of your right shin should now be on the floor, with your right foot flexed.
- Allow you left leg to come to the ground, and point your back toes to let the top of your foot touch the ground.
- Sink into the pose and adjust your hips, making sure you are not leaning on one more than the other.
- The more you bend your front knee in this pose, the less tension you will feel, so if you feel it is too intense for you, try bending your front leg in a little more until you find the right amount of comfort for you.
- If you find yourself leaning too much onto your right hips, try placing your block underneath it to provide balance.
- Lift through your chest as you lift your arms up into the air. You can choose to stay here for 15 seconds or you can fold over your right thigh.
- Breathe through the tension here for 15 seconds.
Tip: There are many variations of pigeon pose if you find it too difficult. For this variations, you can try placing a block under the side of your bent leg to release the tension in the stretch.
16. Seated Forward Fold (Paschimottanasana)
- If you decided to fold in your pigeon, come back up to an upright position. Gently swing your left leg around to the front of your body and straighten both legs out in front of you.
- Shake them out here for a brief moment if you would like. Then, making sure legs are together, flex both feet, and lengthen through your spine.
- Lift both arms up into the air, and using your core, slowly fold over both legs.
- You can use a block here to grab onto to sink deeper into the stretch, or if you cannot yet reach your toes, grab onto your shins or ankles, or use a strap if you have one.
- Don’t let your chest collapse. Keep your back straight and fold in deeper with each exhale.
- Stay here for 15 seconds.
Tip: Keep your feet flexed and pulling back towards your body throughout the pose to get a deeper stretch and improve flexibility.
Remember, try to hold each pose for 15 seconds, and breathe for those 15 seconds. It is common when first starting to get lost in your mind due to the discomfort. Allow your breath to bring you back to center.
Repeat this sequence four times, and switch sides each time. So if your left foot was in front for all the poses that allowed it, make sure your right is in front the next time, then switch. This provides balance for your body and prevents one side from being more worked on than the other.
Remember to allow yourself to rest one minute between sets, and one minute after, preferably in Savasana, known as Corpse Pose. This is the ultimate resting pose, and is actually much harder than it looks when first starting out!
After practicing this routine for the next couple of weeks you are eventually going to want to switch it up. We highly recommend practicing yoga partner poses for a challenging and fun experience.
Resting Pose: Corpse Pose (Savasana)
Want to save this routine for later? Pin the complete beginner yoga routine below!
Frequently Asked Questions
Below are questions we commonly get from beginners wanting to get into yoga who start with this routine. If you are just getting started, you may possibly have asked one or more of these questions yourself (I know I did) so we figured we’d put the answers here for everyone.
How many days a week should you practice yoga?
A good starting point is committing to three days a week at the same time. They do NOT need to be hour long sessions- you can build up as you go! Just starting out with a 20 minute session (like this one) will help you see results if you are consistent. If you are struggling maintaining a schedule check out this post on creating a habit out of your yoga practice.
When’s the best time to practice this yoga routine?
This depends on your schedule, but when starting out it’s a good idea to practice around the same time, especially if you are practicing yoga at home, so you begin to identify that time as your practice to help you build it into a habit.
A lot of people enjoy working out right when they wake up in the morning as they prefer to practice yoga on an empty stomach, while others enjoy practicing in the evening to help them unwind. This all depends on you and your goals- typically if your goal is weight loss, working out on an empty stomach in the morning is best for burning fat, but if this is NOT your goal, I think whatever time makes you enjoy the practice most and come back to it again and again is the best choice. 🙂
Should you warm up before practicing yoga?
Yes! Never go into any type of physical activity without warming up. Although this routine has a few poses that can be modified to create a warm up, you want to make sure you do a few gentle poses that wake up you entire body to avoid injury and get you in the correct mindset.
We have an article here about why warming up before yoga is so important which comes with a free printable warm up for you to do before or after all your workouts.
Do you need rest days from yoga?
If you feel sore after practicing yoga, or any type of workout for that matter, I think it’s smart to have a rest day, but that doesn’t mean sitting on the couch all day- this can actually make you MORE sore from the lack of movement.
In a nutshell, you’re sore from build up of lactic acid. In order to break up the lactic acid, you want to make sure you move and stretch, but don’t want to over-stress your body. Try going for a walk or doing a relaxing yoga flow instead.
Related Beginner Yoga Articles:
- Yoga for Neck Pain
- Top 20 Printable Yoga Poses for Beginners
- Yoga for Flexibility
- Sun Salutation for Beginners
I hope you found this post informative and helpful, and this becomes one of your new favorite routines to practice! If you struggle the first time, just stick with it and stay consistent- I know you can do it. Pushing through the beginning is the hardest part.
Remember to download the printable from our FREE resource library where you get access to a ton of other free health and yoga printables!
If you have any other questions please feel free to comment below!
Ally is the co-founder of GroundedPanda.com with her fiance Victor. She began practicing yoga at the beginning of her career as a Registered Nurse to cope with the physical and mental stress it put on her, and fell in love with it. Her goal is to help beginners develop a fulfilling practice without the intimidation. Besides managing this website, she loves hiking with her loving fiance and cuddling with her two silly cats.